How Research Works

1

DISCOVERY

2

BASIC RESEARCH

Researchers discovers new drugs through...

Existing treatments technology through new insights tests

Researchers conduct experiments to gather information...

  • Potential Benefits

  • The Best Dosage

  • Side Effects

  • The best way to give the drug or therapy

3

PRE CLINICAL RESEARCH + DEVELOPMENT, FDA

Research conduct experiments to 

gather information....

  • Isolate cell/tissue outside living organism

  • Test drug on living organism

  • Investigative new drug application (FDA reviews)

  • Reports of problems (can take years)

750

The number of clinical trials completed at OMEGA Research Group

PHASE
1

PHASE 1: 

Assess the safety of a new drug. 

Test the drug on a small group of people (20 - 80)

  • Evaluate how the body handless the drug.
     

  • Safe dosage ranges.
     

  • Record side effects.

PHASE
2

PHASE 2: 
 

  • The drug or treatment is given to a larger group (100 - 300).
     

  • Determine effectiveness.
     

  • Continue to evaluate safely.

PHASE
3

PHASE 3:

This phase helps confirm the effectiveness of the drug, gauge side effects and gather information so the drug or treatment can be used safely.​

  • Hundreds or even thousands (300 - 3,000) of people may receive a new drug or treatment and be followed for several years.

PHASE
4

PHASE 4:

Researchers gather additional safety 

information on an even larger group of people.

  • Gather data on long-term effectiveness and affect on quality of life.
     

  • Evaluated for cost and against other similar drugs.
     

  • Receives FDA approval and is widely marketed. 

*Information is gathered from City of Hope Infographic